Kidney Stones Treatment
Kidney stones treatment is used to treat different types of kidney stones. Most of the time a person will be able to pass a kidney stone naturally, though the experience can be excruciatingly painful. Drinking water, up to three quarts a day, is essential to stay hydrated and to open up the passage ways to help the kidney stone pass through your system better. However, in certain instances a stone can be too rough or too large to pass. Sometimes it can cause an obstruction, bleeding, kidney damage, or urinary tract infections. In these circumstances, more invasive treatment options may be necessary.
Kidney stones treatment can include a type of kidney surgery called percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This is a more invasive procedure because it requires the surgeon to make an incision in the patient’s back in order to remove the renal stone. This is often used for renal stones that are blocking the flow of urine from the kidney or form renal calculi that can’t be broken up through other less invasive methods.
A lithotripsy is a procedure that uses an instrument, machine, or probe to break up kidney stones into small fragments that can leave the body through the urine. An ultrasonic lithotripsy uses an electronic probe placed in the ureter to aim high frequency sound waves at the kidney stone while the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses sound waves from outside the body.
Many abnormal urinary symptoms, such as back pain, microscopic hematuria or gross hematuria, or urinary tract infection can be a sign of kidney stones or different urinary conditions. A cancerous kidney mass can also cause similar symptoms, especially in more advanced states of cancer. Another condition with the same symptoms is an uretero-pelvic obstruction (UPJ obstruction), which occurs when the kidney disconnects from the ureter and or when hydronephrosis occurs when the flow of urine reverses course and travels up the ureter and into the renal pelvis of the kidney. In such a case, a pyeloplasty would need to be performed to reconstruct the renal pelvis to allow for normal urine flow.
Kidney stone treatment is most effective when a proper diagnosis has been made. A patient who is experiencing any symptoms can make an appointment with our urologists right here at our Florida urology center. Urology Specialists in Miami have highly qualified and experienced urologic physicians. We specialize in the treatment of all types of urological issues and will analyze and accurately diagnose your condition to determine the best course of action including urologic surgery.